Overview & Basics
If you’ve ever thrown or rolled dice in real life, it is easy to understand the appeal of craps and why its transition to the online world is such an easy one. The game can be played with two people, two dice, and with a bare minimum of extras. The only thing required is the willingness to play, somewhere to roll the dice and the people to play. Of course in online craps, there need only be one player.
Craps is played with two dice on a specially designed table, though this is not the case obviously with online craps. Online craps is played either in a browser, or through a downloaded program. The game board is similar to real life boards, with the betting area and numbers, and walls to throw or roll dice.
Playing in a land-based casino consists of throwing the dice against a wall of the table, and the combined amount is added to determine the point, a winner of the betting. Playing in an online casino consists of clicking on the button to throw the dice. Before the dice are thrown, a bet is made on a variety of things such as a certain number (The Pass Line bet.) If the dice thrower rolls the number he/she bets on they win. Once the initial roll or throw is made, the number rolled becomes the “point”. If they roll a natural 7 or 11, they win as well. If they roll a 2, 3, or 12 they lose. All other numbers allow the thrower to continue to throw their dice. If on the next throw the thrower doesn’t hit their number, the thrower continues to roll until they hit their number, roll a 2, 3, or 12. If the thrower rolls a 7 again before they hit their number, they lose their bet.
Craps tables are covered in felt and are sectioned off into different areas. Online craps reflects the real life version of the tables down to everything except for drink stains and the smell of the felt itself. There are different variations of the typical craps table, but the basics are the same essentially throughout casinos and online craps games.
The History of Craps
Craps is a uniquely American form of gambling that is exciting in its execution and wonderful in its simplicity, and is thought to be the most common form of gambling game with dice. Though the roots of craps descend from our beloved old empire of Britain, and the game was brought to the new world by French aristocrat Bernard Xavier Philippe de Marigny de Mandeville, craps as we know it today was truly formed during end of World War II by American soldiers looking to pass the time and enjoy the excitement and rush of this enthralling game.
It is likely that the game that we know today as craps originated in Europe, descending from the game Hazard. Hazard was very popular in France at the time of the settling of Louisiana. Hazard is quite similar to Craps in many ways and there is much evidence that it was played in medieval Europe.
The game started to evolve on riverboat casinos as a part of a variety of gambling and games of chance that were offered for rich merchants and travellers. The mobility of riverboats helped the game to spread all through the United States and abroad. Craps is still played on riverboat casinos today, mainly along the gulf coast and outside of Saint Louis on the Mississippi river
Throughout the 20th century craps spread from barracks and fox holes, to urban communities around the United States. Dice were cheap and easy to come by, and the exhilaration of winning was combined with a simplistic system of betting to create a game of chance that rivals any other. With the boom of casinos in the mid-20thcentury, casinos took advantage of the appeal of the game by adding it to their list of game that includes roulette, poker in its many forms and slot machines. Although the game still retains its popularity online and in America, the game is not as popular in its physical form throughout the rest of the world.
Casino Craps Staff
Still played at a specially designed table in its physical form, casino craps consists of the table, players, the dice, chips and a contingent of staff. The employees of the casino consist of the dealers, the box person and the stick person.
The box person is the arbiter of the game, and watches over the happenings of the table. They also judge any disputes and count and oversee the chips.
Casino games have four dealers on a table, with three actively working. The dealers rotate so that there is always one on standby. Two of the dealers serve to place some bets and face the players, while the third dealer is also referred to as the stickperson or stickman.
Although etiquette and general behaviour varies by region, there are certain universal themes are easy to follow. Some online craps establishments offer voice chatting where there are other human players, and it is always a good idea to be considerate of other players.
- It is frowned upon, and sometimes forbidden to handle the dice with more than one hand. Take the dice on one hand, and only handle them with that established hand. This reduces the chance of trickery on the player’s part.
- Dice should be thrown across the table towards the opposite wall. Sometimes casinos accept a roll if it reaches the halfway point or exceeds it. Familiarize yourself with the house rules when playing in a casino.
- Lay your chips down instead of tossing them. It is considered bad form to hit other chips or places on the table. When tipping, it is acceptable to toss the chips and verbally designate who they are for.
- It is considered bad form to leave after a winning comeout bet.
- It is considered rude to bet against other players roles in some places
- Always keep food, drinks, or any other possessions off of the table and rail.
- Anything that slows play is considered bad form. Late betting, excessive time taken to bet or roll fall into this category. Though not technically forbidden, the dealer will sometimes issue a warning to anyone slowing down the game or offending other players.
- Do not toss dice or otherwise skip them across the table. Dice should be thrown at or below eye level of the dealers.
- Keep your hands free of the table when throwing, and try not to hit chips on the table.
Street craps is the simple, sometimes illegal or not for profit or betting version of the game. Street craps is a more simple form of the game that is often played in the back alleys and in illegal establishments across the United States, especially in the South. This form took hold in the United States during and after World War 2 and was prevalent in urban areas of the United States through the late part of the 20th century. Street craps is still played, although frowned upon in many cities and in barracks and sometimes during downtown in the field by soldiers. The mobility of the game and lack of complexity makes it an ideal game to play when not much time or space is available.
Online craps is played around a virtual table and many online casinos have the option of playing alongside other gamers to maintain the atmosphere of excitement. Online craps closely resembles regular casino craps in that the rules are the same, but many of the methods and forms of etiquette are not necessary possible in an online environment.
Players playing online craps will click on a button instead of throwing the dice. The graphics will show the dice being thrown across the table and fall to reveal their numbers – all that is missing is the actual throw from the player’s own hand.
Online Craps Preview Video
This is the person playing the game, or rolling throwing the dice. Also referred to here as the thrower or shooter.
This is the act of rolling the dice to establish a point or roll for the point. This is also referred to as throwing.
The Come Out Roll
The come out rule establishes if the winner loses, wins or continues to roll. It is the first roll to be made and is the roll made once the point is established.
The marker lets players know what phase of the game they are in. The marker is placed on specific numbers when the colour is white, than the betting is on and the thrower has established a number or point. If the colour of the marker is black and set to off, then the player or thrower has not made their point yet.
The bet, or bets, is where money is placed on a variety of different possible outcomes. More on the types of bets below.
This is the number that has been established by a roll by the player or thrower.
The Pass Line
This is a section where bets are placed for the pass line bets.
Crapping out occurs when a player rolls a number that causes him to lose a bet.
Common Types of Bets
The various kinds of bets include:
The Pass Line bet
This bet is made before the come out roll. It is the initial bet made for a player. This bet typically pays 1:1 and is won automatically if the player rolls a 7 or 11. This bet is placed on the throw or roll of the roller. The bet is placed, and if the roller rolls a 7 or 11 then the better wins. The better is also a loser if the roller loses on numbers of 2, 3 or 12.
The Don’t Pass bet
This is an inversion of the rules of the pass line bet. Instead of setting a number first, the thrower rolls to try to hit one of the numbers 4,5,6,8,9,10 and if they hit one of these numbers, they establish their point number. The object is to hit 7 before their number is hit to win. If they roll the established point number before 7, then they lose.
The Come Bet
After the come out roll is made, the come bet can be made. Once the number is established by the come out roll, a bet is placed on that number. This allows the player to cover several numbers to increase the likelihood of success.
The Don’t Come Bet
The “don’t come bet” is a bet that bets on the player rolling a 2 or 3. If this happens, then this bet wins.
The Proposition Bets
This bet is placed on the odds that a player will roll the dice the “hard way” before the player rolls a 7. The hard way consists of any role where identical numbers are rolled, such as a hard 4 which is two 2’s, or a hard 8 which is two 4’s.
Lay bets are the opposite of buys bets.
In a buy bet, the player places a set amount of money on a certain number and bets that the number bet on will be rolled before a 7 is rolled.
Craps number role terminology
Rolls of 4, 6, 8, and 10 are called “hard” or “easy” (e.g. “Six the Hard Way”, “Easy Eight”, “Hard Ten”) depending on whether they were rolled as a “double” or as any other combination of values, because of their significance in centre table bets known as the “hard ways”.
Two (SNAKE EYES)
Two is the roll that is commonly referred to as “Snake eyes.” It’s not certain where the term first developed, thought the dice roll of two 1’s resembles two eyes. During the roll, if snake eyes is rolled, then the player craps out. “Loose Deuce” is also another slang term for the roll of two. Snake eyes is likely the most common term associated with Craps outside of crapping out.
Three (Acey Deucey)
The 3 role, which is referred to as “Acey Deucey,” is a roll of one 1, and one 2. Other titles used when referring to the 3 role are “Three ace deuce,” “Ace deuce,” and “Ace caught a deuce.” The ace refers to the 1, and the deuce refers to the 2.
Two 2’s is sometimes a “Hard four” or “Two twos.” The roll of a 3 and a 1 or 2 and 2 is called a hard four when there is a bet that it will be rolled before a 7 or 11. It is thought that the hard four or 4 roll is called a “Ballerina” because they wear tu-tus.
Any roll that equals five is often referred to as “Fever” or sometimes “Little Phoebe.” It is assumed this is because of the phonetic “Ef” sound that is made, and the propensity of players to name all of the rolls. “No field five” is another term used to refer to any roll that equals five. Five is not on the table and does not pay out on field bets.
A roll of two 3’s is referred to as a “Hard six” and any other combination is referred to as an “Easy 6” or “came easy.” The easy or hard designation comes from the difficulty of rolling a “Hard” number such as two 3’s and the easier variations that equal 6.
When a combination of 6 and a 1 are rolled, it is referred to as a “Six ace.” When a 7 is rolled on the comeout roll, it is called “7, frontline winner.
When two 4’s are rolled, it is sometimes referred to as a “Hard eight.” Other names for the eight roll are “Square pair,” “Easy eight” when the variation is not 2 4’s and “Mom and Dad.”
A roll of 9 is called the “Centerfield nine” as the betting area’s centre is referred to as the field. Sometimes a roll of a 4 and a 5 is called the “Jesse James” because Jesse James was assassinated with a 45. calibre pistol.
A roll of two 5’s is referred to as a “Hard ten.” The term “puppies paws” is also used because of the resemblance of the dice to a dogs footprints. Any other combination of ten can be called an “easy ten”
A roll of 11 that is a winner on the comeout bet is referred to as “11 frontline winner.”
A roll of 12 is referred to as the boxcars. There is only one way to roll boxcars, and that is with two 6’s. The dice appear to be simple drawings of train cars when viewed. Another term for two 6’s is midnight because the numbers equal twelve.